sábado, 25 de agosto de 2012

ESPIONAJE Y OPERACIONES PSICOLÓGICAS EN HOLLYWOOD: RECORDANDO LA "AGENCIA" EN AGENCIA CENTRAL DE INTELIGENCIA ESTADOUNIDENSE [CIA] (INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITY IN HOLLYWOOD: REMEMBERING THE "AGENCY" IN CIA)

¡ASÍ QUE LAS PELÍCULAS DE HOLLYWOOD SON ARMAS DE LA GUERRA PSICOLÓGICA ESTADOUNIDENSE!
SO, THE MOVIES FROM HOLLYWOOD ARE WEAPONS OF THE AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE!


"Scope: An Online Journal of 
Film and Television Studies
Issue 23
June 2012

Intelligence Activity in Hollywood: Remembering the “Agency” in CIA

Tricia Jenkins,  Texas Christian University, USA, and Matthew Alford, Texas Christian University, USA

Though it has existed since 1947, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) did not establish an entertainment industry liaison program until the mid-1990s, leading many to assume the Agency was inactive in Hollywood during the Cold War.  When the CIA finally  began working openly with filmmakers, it claimed its job was to reactively improve public understanding of the Agency as part of its more open remit, [1] and the CIA has often stressed its ineffectiveness at censoring or amending scripts to emphasize further its passive role. [2] Moreover, the CIA has always claimed that its entertainment liaison program seeks merely to aid recruitment and correct misperceptions about Agency practice. [3]


These claims about the CIA‟s role in Hollywood have received scant attention from the press. With the exception of providing some historical context, academic literature barely touches on the relationship.  [4] This is hardly surprising.  The CIA is a secretive organization, even though ironically it possesses a public affairs office.  However,  a serious interrogation of the CIA‟s role in the entertainment industries reveals a more nuanced picture than the one painted above.  By drawing on the now better-documented history of early Cold War activity, we can form a clearer sense of how the present  system functions.  that follows is therefore not a detailed chronological history of the CIA-Hollywood relationship, but rather the best model we can determine of how it works in the post-Cold War era.  Using documents, “insider” testimony, and historical precedent, we highlight the uniqueness of the CIA‟s relationship with hollywood during the post-Cold War period and draw parallels with its older, more covert strategies.


More specifically, this piece demonstrates that the Agency worked covertly with Hollywood during the Cold War to make American democratic and capitalist ideologies more palatable to international and otherwise skeptical viewers.  During the post-Cold War and post-9/11 eras, the CIA eventually turned its attention away from manipulating the country‟s image and instead worked more openly with the American media to improve its reputation.  This shift largely resulted from the CIA‟s need to reassure the public that it was still necessary and competent, despite the decline of the Soviet Union and criticism of the Agency for failing to prevent the 9/11 attacks.
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La doctora TRICIA JENKINS autora de "LA AGENCIA CENTRAL DE INTELIGENCIA ESTADOUNIDENSE (CIA) EN HOLLYWOOD" (THE CIA IN HOLLYWOOD). Fotografía por: Mandy Naglich.

Título: PODER FÍLMICO: EL CINE DE HOLLYWOOD Y LA SUPREMACÍA ESTADOUNIDENSE (REEL POWER: HOLLYWOOD CINEMA AND AMERICAN SUPREMACY). Autor: MATTHEW ALFORD.


El doctor MATTHEW ALFORD, experto en propaganda, se prepara a rodar un filme en estos días.

Título: "ARGO: CÓMO LA AGENCIA CENTRAL DE INTELIGENCIA ESTADOUNIDENSE Y HOLLYWOOD REALIZARON EL RESCATE MÁS AUDAZ DE LA HISTORIA" (ARGO: HOW THE CIA AND HOLLYWOOD PULLED OFF THE MOST AUDACIOUS RESCUE IN HISTORY). Autores: ANTONIO MENDEZ y MATT BAGLIO.